What You Need To Know
Port Sudan Port Sudan is a port city in eastern Sudan, and the capital of the state of Red Sea. As of 2007, it has 489,725 residents. Located on the Red Sea, it is the Republic of Sudan’s main port city. It was founded in 1905.
Port Sudan is the main commercial point of imports and exports to Sudan. It was established to benefit from its coral-free harbour; thereby replacing the old port of Suakin which had its harbour choked by corals. Presently, the coral-free channel into Port Sudan is between 20 and 25 metres wide. Port Sudan is also the petroleum centre of Sudan, with a petroleum refinery and an oil pipeline to Khartoum.
Port Sudan is a major port for Muslim pilgrimage travels (hajj and umra) between African and Mecca (by the port of Jeddah). Normal tourism has an unexploited potential with the untouched diving reefs and great beaches.
The population is lagely Arabs and Nubians, most are Muslims.
The Sudanese Pound is the currency of Sudan. The currency code for Pounds is SDG. The Sudanese Pound is divided into 100 qirush.
Port Sudan has an hot desert climate (Köppen: BWh) with extremely hot summers and moderately hot winters, requiring the acquisition of fresh water from Wadi Arba’at in the Red Sea Hills and from salt-evaporating pans. Temperatures can easily exceed 30 °C (86 °F) in winter and 45C in summer. Over 90% of the annual rainfall falls between October and January, mostly in November, with the wettest month on record being November 1947 with 182 millimetres (7.2 in), whilst the wettest year was from July 1923 to June 1924 with 231 millimetres (9.1 in). Average annual rainfall is 76 millimetres (3.0 in), and no rainfall occurred between January 1983 and June 1984. The average temperature is 28.4 °C (83.1 °F).
The city is home to the Red Sea University, established in 1994.
Sudanese Arabic is the most widely spoken language in the country.
In Port Sudan you can get around the city using rickshaws, taxis and buses. The rickshaws seem to be the best option as they only cost an average of 2-5 Sudanese pounds for journeys up to 15 minutes and take you exactly to your destination.